AI-aided Wireless Systems for Mobility in Industry and Traffic

About the Project AI4Mobile

The project AI4Mobile is a research project funded by the Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF), from the announcement
Artificial Intelligence in Communication Networks within the scope of the High-Tech Strategy of the German Federal Government.


Powerful and flexible mobile networks are a key technology for numerous branches of industry. Many applications, for example in the fields of automated vehicles or mobile robotics, are highly dynamic and mobile. At the same time, they require extremely reliable communication with low latency. An important challenge is to ensure the required quality of service (e.g. a reliable data rate, no data loss, no delays) for each application. The wireless transmission of information is by nature subject to interference, which means that successful real-time transmission in classic, reactive mobile radio systems cannot be guaranteed. Forward planning of network resources and prediction of relevant quality of service parameters are therefore essential, especially for safety-critical functions. Given the immense complexity of the overall network, methods of artificial intelligence (AI) offer a promising approach here.

Goals and Procedure

The project AI4Mobile aims at developing methods that enable a robust prediction of the quality of service at high mobility using data from the entire mobile network. In combination with other data (application, environment and network data) the predicted quality of service information will be used to develop AI mechanisms for real-time network optimization. AI methods are particularly promising for resource management. In order to make use of existing knowledge in the field of mobile communications, the possibility of supplementing AI approaches with area-specific context information and of integrating expert knowledge into the design of learning processes will be investigated. This will enable a hybrid approach of classical algorithm development and artificial intelligence. The project investigates to what extent this approach can increase the security and robustness of mobile networks.

Innovations and Perspectives

The AI4Mobile solution can be used to predict critical quality of service parameters (e.g. data rate, delay) of a complete communication link between sender and receiver. This allows the implementation of proactive resource optimization and networking in all parts of the mobile infrastructure. An early detection of critical states ensures that the performance of the systems is maintained even if undefined states and faults occur. The security and robustness of the mobile radio network is significantly increased, which is essential for dynamic applications such as automated driving or mobile robotics. The project thus contributes to consolidating Germany's technological leadership, especially in the important automotive and industry 4.0 sectors.



The consortium has published several datasets on IEEE Dataport, which were collected through ambitious measurement campaigns

The Berlin V2X dataset offers high-resolution GPS-located wireless measurements across diverse urban environments in the city of Berlin for both cellular and sidelink radio access technologies, acquired with up to 4 cars over 3 days. The data enables thus a variety of different ML studies towards vehicle-to-anything (V2X) communication.

This measurement campaign was conducted for around 16h at an industrial site where an autonomous cleaning robot collected sensor data from the environment and communicated with a private cellular network.

iV2V covers 10h of sidelink communication scenarios between moving and static automated guided vehicles.

All vehicles are equipped with devices that generate background data traffic.

Various features from all parts of the communication system are recorded with a high temporal resolution, resulting in hundreds of megabytes of data.

Software and detailed publications are publicly available for all datasets

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A9 Measurement Campaign

In October 2020, the first measurement campaign of the project was conducted at the Motorway A9 5G-ConnectedMobility measurement site near Nuremberg, Germany.

Measurements were conducted on five consecutive days with four vehicles travelling a total distance of 3300km.

At the measurement site, five base stations with two sectors each cover motorway, rural, and suburban areas. The non-public network is operated at 700MHz.

Mobile devices in each vehicle use dedicated software to generate data traffic and collect measurements.

Various features from all parts of the communication system are recorded with a high temporal resolution, resulting in several terabytes of data.

All vehicles are equipped with additional mobile devices that generate background data traffic.

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Key Figures

Total Cost


Total Funding


Funding Rate

71 %


03/2020 - 02/2023


Industry & Research




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BMW Group

With its four brands BMW, MINI, Rolls-Royce and BMW Motorrad, the BMW Group is the world’s leading premium manufacturer of automobiles and motorcycles and also provides premium financial and mobility services. The BMW Group contributes to the project with its many years of experience in the areas of complete vehicle technology, alternative drive and energy management concepts, active safety and driver assistance systems as well as information and communication technologies in the vehicle. The strong focus on networked driving is supported by several years of research activities in the field of cellular mobile radio systems for the automotive sector. The BMW Group can draw on extensive project results from national projects (e.g., CONVERGE, 5G NetMobil, Providentia) and EU projects (e.g., preVENT, COMeSafety, METIS).

Robert Bosch GmBH

The BOSCH Group is a leading international technology and service company with the goal of improving people's quality of life through innovative, beneficial and inspiring solutions. The central department Corporate Research and Advanced Engineering bundles the company-wide research activities of BOSCH and brings a lot of experience from previous projects like 5G NetMobil and TACNET 4.0 in the field of communication into the project. In the field of AI research, BOSCH is on the way to becoming a world leader in terms of a wide range of applications. BOSCH participates as a user in the requirements of the use cases, in the technical solutions as well as in the demonstration.


Enway develops technology for automated and autonomous special vehicles such as sweepers or waste collection vehicles. Several vehicles equipped with Enway technology are already cleaning private areas such as the EUREF Campus in Berlin. First test applications of the technology in German city centres have already been carried out successfully. As a technology provider Enway focuses on the areas of software and machine learning. Together with established vehicle and machine manufacturers, the company works on new, highly automated solutions for cleaning, recycling and waste management.


Ericsson is a leading global supplier of telecommunications infrastructure and services for mobile network operators. Ericsson is also one of the leading companies in the standardization of mobile communications technologies. The research unit at the Ericsson ICT Development Center Eurolab in Herzogenrath close to Aachen specializes in the areas of radio access technologies with extensive experience also in the area of Standardization for 4G and 5G technologies, as well as in exploring solutions in the areas of Industry 4.0 and for automotive use cases. The research group has lead multiple relevant research projects (KOI, 5Gang) and contributed to even more of those (5G NetMobil, ConVeX, 5GCroCo, 5GSMART).

Götting KG

Götting KG, founded in 1965 and based in Lehrte near Hanover, develops and produces radio and sensor technology for commercial applications. The variety of sensors for localization and navigation (lane guidance) of automated guided vehicles (AGVs) and for driver assistance is unique. We are market leaders in many product areas and want to maintain this position in the future. At the same time, we strive to add new products for new markets to our portfolio. Of the current 86 employees, 30 engineers are mainly involved in development.

Safety-critical functions in the vehicle environment in particular can benefit from network-side support, as decisions can be coordinated between the participants and a much larger database is available for decision-making. The decisions made and other data must be made available to the vehicle reliably and in a given time. Also in the area of Industry 4.0, with the increasing use of mobile production robots and other AGVs, these capabilities are crucial for dynamic adaptation of production processes. While mobility and communication processes in the automotive sector are dependent on many factors, communication in the industrial environment is subject to greater regularity and determination, which means that underlying processes can be learned and incorporated into prediction mechanisms.

Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute

The Fraunhofer Institute for Telecommunications, Heinrich Hertz Institute has been working for about 20 years on the development of modern mobile radio systems in close cooperation with science and industry, resulting in extensive contributions and publications on the theory and practice of resource, network and mobility management in wireless communication networks. In addition, the HHI is active in standardization, among others through the ITU focus group "Machine Learning for Future Networks including 5G". Project-related competences include the following topics: machine learning, kernel methods, compressed sensing, network-supported D2D and multicast communication, coexistence and interference management, network coding and cognitive network management, software-defined networking (SDN), virtualization of networks.


RFmondial has been offering professional products and services in the field of digital radio technologies for more than 10 years. This includes transmitting, receiving and monitoring equipment and related services such as database-based control and evaluation of field measurements. With 12 highly qualified employees a wide range of different technologies is covered. RFmondial takes over the development of a reliable infrastructure for the measurement data as well as the acquisition and pre-processing of training data.

Technische Universität Dresden

The Technische Universität Dresden is one of eleven Excellence Universities in Germany. Its outstanding research strength and success in knowledge and technology transfer have been honored by leading companies with 16 endowed professorships. In the 5G Lab Germany an engineering platform of the TU has been founded in which scientists from 23 professorships work together in interdisciplinary teams to holistically meet the challenges of the fifth generation of mobile communications.


The Deutsche Telekom Chair for Communication Networks, led by Prof. Frank Fitzek, provides expertise in the core network, Mobile Edge Cloud (MEC) Computing, SDN, Network Function Virtualization (NFV), smart grids, mesh networks, network slicing and network encoding for reduced end-to-end latency, distributed storage and improved security and resilience. The expertise will be provided by effectively applied the development of 5G to many strategic industries such as robotics (Fast Robotics), energy (National 5G Energy Hub), automotive (5G NetMobil, AutoDrive) and tactile Internet (CeTI, TacNet). angewendet.


The Vodafone Chair of Mobile Communications Systems promotes the further development of future wireless technologies through top-level research. Intensive basic research and close cooperation with industry are the key to the success of the projects. The current focus of the chair is on research on the radio level of mobile communications systems, with special emphasis on problems with wireless networks, wireless modems, high frequency interference and implementation architectures of integrated circuits. Of particular interest are problems and solutions that enable an efficient use of radio resources to ensure the service quality of future-relevant applications (tactile Internet, networked automated driving, networked control systems).

Technische Universität Kaiserslautern

TU Kaiserslautern: The research group of Prof. Schotten (Institute for Wireless Communication and Navigation) is a member of the State Research Center "Center for Commercial Vehicle Technology" (ZNT). In the field of mobile and reliable networking solutions, the TUK has already contributed to a large number of projects at European level (e.g. METIS I+II, NORMA) and national level (e.g. HiFlecs, 5G NetMobil, ConVeX). For the evaluation of complex automotive scenarios, simulation-based methodologies are used, which will also be introduced by the partner in to this project. Through the association with "German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence" (DFKI), the partner can also draw on experience from previous projects on AI-based network optimization (including security and reliability aspects as well as self-healing concepts) and incorporate this experience (e.g. EU project Selfnet). This also applies in particular to the design of the AI framework in the project.